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ESSENTIALS: Software for Rapid Analysis of High Throughput Transposon Insertion Sequencing Data

ESSENTIALS: Software for Rapid Analysis of High Throughput Transposon Insertion Sequencing Data

PLoS ONE 7(8): e43012. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0043012

Aldert Zomer*, Peter Burghout, Hester J Bootsma, Peter WM Hermans, Sacha AFT van Hijum

Laboratory of Pediatric Infectious Diseases & Centre for Molecular and Biomolecular Informatics. Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

High-throughput analysis of genome-wide random transposon mutant libraries is a powerful tool for (conditional) essential gene discovery. Recently, several next-generation sequencing approaches, e.g. Tn-seq/INseq, HITS and TraDIS, have been developed that accurately map the site of transposon insertions by mutant-specific amplification and sequence readout of DNA flanking the transposon insertions site, assigning a measure of essentiality based on the number of reads per insertion site flanking sequence or per gene. However, analysis of these large and complex datasets is hampered by the lack of an easy to use and automated tool for transposon insertion sequencing data. To fill this gap, we developed ESSENTIALS, an open source, web-based software tool for researchers in the genomics field utilizing transposon insertion sequencing analysis. It accurately predicts (conditionally) essential genes and offers the flexibility of using different sample normalization methods, genomic location bias correction, data preprocessing steps, appropriate statistical tests and various visualizations to examine the results, while requiring only a minimum of input and hands-on work from the researcher. We successfully applied ESSENTIALS to in-house and published Tn-seq, TraDIS and HITS datasets and we show that the various pre- and post-processing steps on the sequence reads and count data with ESSENTIALS considerably improve the sensitivity and specificity of predicted gene essentiality.

PMID:22900082

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